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    Internal Revenue Service
 Revenue Ruling

Rev. Rul. 69-69

1969-1 C.B. 159

Sec. 512

Sec. 513

IRS Headnote

The leasing of studio apartments and the operation of a dining hall by an
exempt organization constitute unrelated trades or businesses where
occupancy in the apartments is not primarily for the convenience of its
members. 

Full Text

Rev. Rul. 69-69 

An organization exempt from Federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of
the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 has asked whether under the circumstances
described below the leasing of studio apartments and the operation of a
dining hall constitute unrelated trades or businesses under section 513 of
the Code. 

The organization was created for the stimulation and fostering of public
interest in the fine arts by promoting art exhibits, sponsoring cultural
events, conducting educational programs, and disseminating information
relative to the fine arts. Its activities are carried on in a building that
contains offices, galleries, music rooms, a library, a dining hall, and
studio apartments where artists may live and work. The studio apartments
are leased only to artists, a few of whom are members of the organization.
However, the apartments are not made available to the tenants on the basis
of membership in the club or any criteria that would further the exempt
purposes of the organization. The organization provides maid and
switchboard services for the tenants similar to those provided to the
occupants of rooms in hotels. 

The organization operates the dining hall primarily to serve the tenants of
the studio apartments and only incidentally to serve its employees. 

Section 513 of the Code defines the term "unrelated trade or business," in
the case of any organization subject to the tax imposed by section 511, as
any trade or business the conduct of which is not substantially related
(aside from the need of such organization for income or funds or the use it
makes of the profits derived) to the exercise or performance by such
organization of the purpose or function constituting the basis for its
exemption under section 501 of the Code. 

Section 513(a)(2) of the Code provides that the term "unrelated trade or
business" does not include any trade or business which is carried on in the
case of an organization described in section 501(c)(3) primarily for the
convenience of it members or employees. 

Section 512(a) of the Code defines the term "unrelated business taxable
income" to mean, with certain exceptions, additions, and limitations, the
gross income derived by any organization from any unrelated trade or
business regularly carried on by it, less allowable deductions directly
connected with the carrying on of such trade or business. Section 512(b)(3)
of the Code excludes from unrelated business taxable income all rents from
real property (including personal property leased with the real property). 

Section 1.513-1(d)(2) of the Income Tax Regulations provides that a trade
or business is "substantially related" to exempt purposes when the business
activity has a substantial causal relationship to the achievement of the
exempt purposes. 

Section 1.512(b)-1(c)(2) of the regulations provides that payments for the
use or occupancy of rooms or other space where services are also rendered
to the occupant such as for the use or occupancy of rooms or other quarters
in hotels, do not constitute rentals from real estate. Generally, services
are considered rendered to the occupant if they are primarily for his
convenience and are other than those usually rendered in connection with
the rental of rooms for occupancy only. The regulations further provide
that maid service constitutes such service. Although the studio apartments
are leased only to artists, they are not leased on the basis of any
criteria that further the exempt purposes of the organization and occupancy
in the apartments is not primarily for the convenience of the members
within the meaning of section 513(a)(2) of the Code. The dining hall is
operated primarily to serve the tenants of the studio apartments in their
capacity as tenants. Thus, neither the leasing of the studio apartments nor
the operation of the dining hall by the organization has a substantial
causal relationship to the achievement of its exempt purposes. Because
substantial services are rendered to the tenants, the payments by the
tenants are not "rents" within the meaning of section 1.512(b)-1(c)(2) of
the regulations. 

Accordingly, these two activities are unrelated trades or businesses under
section 513 of the Code and the income therefrom is unrelated business
taxable income under section 512 of the Code.