Section 43: Enhanced oil recovery credit
Internal Revenue Code
Table of Contents
This Code Section:
§43. Enhanced oil recovery credit
(a) General rule
For purposes of section 38, the enhanced oil recovery credit for any taxable year is an amount equal to 15 percent of the taxpayer's qualified enhanced oil recovery costs for such taxable year.
(1) In general
The amount of the credit determined under subsection (a) for any taxable year shall be reduced by an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount of such credit (determined without regard to this paragraph) as—
(A) the amount by which the reference price for the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the taxable year begins exceeds $28, bears to
(2) Reference price
For purposes of this subsection, the term "reference price" means, with respect to any calendar year, the reference price determined for such calendar year under section 45K(d)(2)(C).
(A) In general
In the case of any taxable year beginning in a calendar year after 1991, there shall be substituted for the $28 amount under paragraph (1)(A) an amount equal to the product of—
(B) Inflation adjustment factor
The term "inflation adjustment factor" means, with respect to any calendar year, a fraction the numerator of which is the GNP implicit price deflator for the preceding calendar year and the denominator of which is the GNP implicit price deflator for 1990. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term "GNP implicit price deflator" means the first revision of the implicit price deflator for the gross national product as computed and published by the Secretary of Commerce. Not later than April 1 of any calendar year, the Secretary shall publish the inflation adjustment factor for the preceding calendar year.
(ii) with respect to which depreciation (or amortization in lieu of depreciation) is allowable under this chapter.
(ii) with respect to which the taxpayer may make an election under section 263(c) for the taxable year.
(C) Any qualified tertiary injectant expenses (as defined in section 193(b)) which are paid or incurred in connection with a qualified enhanced oil recovery project and for which a deduction is allowable for the taxable year.
(D) Any amount which is paid or incurred during the taxable year to construct a gas treatment plant which—
(i) is located in the area of the United States (within the meaning of section 638(1)) lying north of 64 degrees North latitude,
(ii) prepares Alaska natural gas for transportation through a pipeline with a capacity of at least 2,000,000,000,000 Btu of natural gas per day, and
(i) which involves the application (in accordance with sound engineering principles) of 1 or more tertiary recovery methods (as defined in section 193(b)(3)) which can reasonably be expected to result in more than an insignificant increase in the amount of crude oil which will ultimately be recovered,
(iii) with respect to which the first injection of liquids, gases, or other matter commences after December 31, 1990.
A project shall not be treated as a qualified enhanced oil recovery project unless the operator submits to the Secretary (at such times and in such manner as the Secretary provides) a certification from a petroleum engineer that the project meets (and continues to meet) the requirements of subparagraph (A).
(3) At-risk limitation
(4) Special rule for certain gas displacement projects
For purposes of this section, immiscible non-hydrocarbon gas displacement shall be treated as a tertiary recovery method under section 193(b)(3).
(A) In general
The term "Alaska natural gas" means natural gas entering the Alaska natural gas pipeline (as defined in section 168(i)(16) (determined without regard to subparagraph (B) thereof)) which is produced from a well—
(i) located in the area of the State of Alaska lying north of 64 degrees North latitude, determined by excluding the area of the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge (including the continental shelf thereof within the meaning of section 638(1)), and
(ii) pursuant to the applicable State and Federal pollution prevention, control, and permit requirements from such area (including the continental shelf thereof within the meaning of section 638(1)).
(1) Disallowance of deduction
Any deduction allowable under this chapter for any costs taken into account in computing the amount of the credit determined under subsection (a) shall be reduced by the amount of such credit attributable to such costs.
(2) Basis adjustments
For purposes of this subtitle, if a credit is determined under this section for any expenditure with respect to any property, the increase in the basis of such property which would (but for this subsection) result from such expenditure shall be reduced by the amount of the credit so allowed.
(2) Time for making election
An election under paragraph (1) for any taxable year may be made (or revoked) at any time before the expiration of the 3-year period beginning on the last date prescribed by law for filing the return for such taxable year (determined without regard to extensions).
(3) Manner of making election
An election under paragraph (1) (or revocation thereof) shall be made in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe.
(Added Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11511(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–483; amended Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(7) [title III, §317(a)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-645; Pub. L. 108–357, title VII, §707(a), (b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1550; Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1322(a)(3)(B), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1011; Pub. L. 109–135, title IV, §412(i), Dec. 21, 2005, 119 Stat. 2637.)
Inflation Adjusted Items for Certain Tax Years
For inflation adjustment of certain items in this section, see Internal Revenue Notices listed in a table below.
A prior section 43 was renumbered section 32 of this title.
Another prior section 43 was renumbered section 37 of this title.
Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 109–135 reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "For purposes of paragraph (1)(D)—
"(A) located in the area of the State of Alaska lying north of 64 degrees North latitude, determined by excluding the area of the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge (including the continental shelf thereof within the meaning of section 638(1)), and
"(B) pursuant to the applicable State and Federal pollution prevention, control, and permit requirements from such area (including the continental shelf thereof within the meaning of section 638(1)).
2004—Subsec. (c)(1)(D). Pub. L. 108–357, §707(a), added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 108–357, §707(b), added par. (5).
Effective Date of 2005 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–58 applicable to credits determined under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 for taxable years ending after Dec. 31, 2005, see section 1322(c)(1) of Pub. L. 109–58, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment
Pub. L. 108–357, title VII, §707(c), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1550, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to costs paid or incurred in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004."
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment
Pub. L. 106–554, §1(a)(7) [title III, §317(b)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-645, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in section 11511 of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990 [Pub. L. 101–508]."
Inflation Adjusted Items for Certain Years
Provisions relating to inflation adjustment of items in this section for certain years were contained in the following:
2017—Internal Revenue Notice 2017–25.
2016—Internal Revenue Notice 2016–44.
2015—Internal Revenue Notice 2015–64.
2014—Internal Revenue Notice 2014–64.
2013—Internal Revenue Notice 2013–50.
2012—Internal Revenue Notice 2012–49.
2011—Internal Revenue Notice 2011–57.
2010—Internal Revenue Notice 2010–72.
2009—Internal Revenue Notice 2009–73.
2008—Internal Revenue Notice 2008–72.
2007—Internal Revenue Notice 2007–64.
2006—Internal Revenue Notice 2006–62.
2005—Internal Revenue Notice 2005–56.
2004—Internal Revenue Notice 2004–49.
2003—Internal Revenue Notice 2003–43.
2002—Internal Revenue Notice 2002–53.
2001—Internal Revenue Notice 2001–54.
2000—Internal Revenue Notice 2000–51.
1999—Internal Revenue Notice 99–45.
1998—Internal Revenue Notice 98–41.
1997—Internal Revenue Notice 97–39.
1996—Internal Revenue Notice 96–41.