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§ 20.2013-6 Examples.

The application of §§ 20.2013-1 to 20.2013-5 may be further illustrated by the following examples:

Example (1).

(a) A died December 1, 1953, leaving a gross estate of $1,000,000. Expenses, indebtedness, etc., amounted to $90,000. A bequeathed $200,000 to B, his wife, $100,000 of which qualified for the marital deduction. B died November 1, 1954, leaving a gross estate of $500,000. Expenses, indebtedness, etc., amounted to $40,000. B bequeathed $150,000 to charity. A and B were both citizens of the United States. The estates of A and B both paid State death taxes equal to the maximum credit allowable for State death taxes. Death taxes were not a charge on the bequest to B.

(b) “First limitation” on credit for B's estate (§ 20.2013-2):

A's gross estate $1,000,000.00
Expenses, indebtedness, etc. 90,000.00
A's adjusted gross estate 910,000.00
Marital deduction $100,000.00
Exemption 60,000.00
160,000.00
A's taxable estate 750,000.00
A's gross estate tax 233,200.00
Credit for State death taxes 23,280.00
A's net estate tax payable 209,920.00
“First limitation” = $209,920.00 (§ 20.2013-2(b)) × [($200,000.00 − $100,000.00) (§ 20.2013-4) ÷ ($750,000.00 − $209,920.00 − $23,280.00 + $60,000.00) (§ 20.2013-2(c))] $36,393.90

(c) “Second limitation” on credit for B's estate (§ 20.2013-3):

(1) B's net estate tax payable as described in § 20.2013-3(a)(1) (previously taxed transfer included):

B's gross estate $500,000.00
Expenses, indebtedness, etc. $40,000.00
Charitable deduction 150,000.00
Exemption 60,000.00
250,000.00
B's taxable estate 250,000.00
B's gross estate tax $65,700.00
Credit for State death taxes 3,920.00
B's net estate tax payable 61,780.00

(2) B's net estate tax payable as described in § 20.2013-3(a)(2) (previously taxed transfer excluded):

B's gross estate $400,000.00
Expenses, indebtedness, etc $40,000.00
Charitable deduction (§ 20.2013-3(b)) = $150,000.00 − [$150,000.00 × ($200,000.00 − $100,000.00 ÷ $500,000.00 − $40,000.00)] 117,391.30
Exemption 60,000.00
217,391.30
B's taxable estate 182,608.70
B's gross estate tax 45,482.61
Credit for State death taxes 2,221.61
B's net estate tax payable 43,260.00

(3) “Second limitation”:

Subparagraph (1) $61,780.00
Less: Subparagraph (2) 43,260.00
$18,520.00

(d) Credit of B's estate for tax on prior transfers (§ 20.2013-1(c)):

Credit for tax on prior transfers = $18,520.00 (lower of paragraphs (b) and (c)) × 100 percent (percentage to be taken into account under § 20.2013-1(c)) $18,520.00

Example (2).

(a) The facts are the same as those contained in example (1) of this paragraph with the following additions. C died December 1, 1950, leaving a gross estate of $250,000. Expenses, indebtedness, etc., amounted to $50,000. C bequeathed $50,000 to B. C was a citizen of the United States. His estate paid State death taxes equal to the maximum credit allowable for State death taxes. Death taxes were not a charge on the bequest to B.

(b) “First limitation” on credit for B's estate (§ 20.2013-2(d))−

(1) With respect to the property received from A:

“First limitation” = $36,393.90 (this computation is identical with the one contained in paragraph (b) of example (1) of this section).

(2) With respect to the property received from C:

C's gross estate $250,000.00
Expenses, indebtedness, etc. $50,000.00
Exemption $60,000.00
$110,000.00
C's taxable estate 140,000.00
C's gross estate tax 32,700.00
Credit for State death taxes 1,200.00
C's net estate tax payable 31,500.00
“First limitation” = $31,500.00 (§ 20.2013-2(b)) × [$50,000.00 (§ 20.2013-4) ÷ ($140,000.00 − $31,500.00 − $1,200.00 + $60,000.00) (§ 20.2013-2(c))] $9,414.23

(c) “Second limitation” on credit for B's estate (§ 20.2013-3(c)):

(1) B's net estate tax payable as described in § 20.2013-3(a)(1) (previously taxed transfers included) = $61,780.00 (this computation is identical with the one contained in paragraph (c)(1) of example (1) of this section).

(2) B's net estate tax payable as described in § 20.2013-3(a)(2) (previously taxed transfers excluded):

B's gross estate $350,000.00
Expenses, indebtedness, etc $40,000.00
Charitable deduction (§ 20.2013-3(b)) = $150,000.00 − [$150,000.00 × ($200,000.00 − $100,000.00 + $50,000.00) ÷ ($500,000.00 − $40,000.00)] 101,086.96
Exemption 60,000.00
201,086.96
B's taxable estate 148,913.04
B's gross estate tax 35,373.91
Credit for State death taxes 1,413.91
B's net estate tax payable 33,960.00

(3) “Second limitation”:

Subparagraph (1) $61,780.00
Less: Subparagraph (2) 33,960.00
$27,820.00

(4) Apportionment of “second limitation” on credit:

Transfer from A (§ 20.2013-4) $100,000.00
Transfer from C (§ 20.2013-4) 50,000.00
Total 150,000.00
Portion of “second limitation” attributable to transfer from A (100/150 of $27,820.00) 18,546.67
Portion of “second limitation” attributable to transfer from C (50/150 of $27,820.00) 9,273.33

(d) Credit of B's estate for tax on prior transfers (§ 20.2013-1(c)):

Credit for tax on transfer from A=
$18,546.67 (lower of “first limitation” computed in paragraph (b)(1) and “second limitation” apportioned to A's transfer in paragraph (c)(4)) × 100 percent (percentage to be taken into account under § 20.2013-1(c)) $18,546.67
Credit for tax on transfer from C=
$9,273.33 (lower of “first limitation” computed in paragraph (b)(2) and “second limitation” apportioned to B's transfer in paragraph (c)(4)) × 80 percent (percentage to be taken into account under § 20.2013-1(c)) 7,418.66
Total credit for tax on prior transfers 25,965.33