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This doctrine treats multiple transactions as a single integrated transaction for tax purposes if all of the elements of at least one of three tests are satisfied: (1) the end result test, (2) the interdependence test, or (3) the binding commitment test. Although the doctrine considers the substance over the form of the transactions, "anyone may so arrange his affairs that his taxes shall be as low as possible; he is not bound to choose the pattern which will best pay the Treasury.”

Synonyms: step-transaction doctrine
Synonyms list (a comma-separated list)
step-transaction doctrine